10.12 paraṁ brahma paraṁ dhāma – part 1 (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 10

<< Chapter 10 verse 11

Simple

arjuna uvāca
paraṁ brahma paraṁ dhāma
pavitraṁ paramaṁ bhavān

‘Thou art the Supreme-Great, the Supernal Light, the Superbly Holy (Paramam-Pavitram).’

Thou art He Whom the Śrutis proclaim as Param-brahma, Param-dhāma, and Paramam-Pavitram.

Parambrahma or Supreme-Great is He as stated in:—

‘Search for Him from Whom alone are all these beings born; by Whom the born live on; into Whom they enter and merge; He is Brahm’.1

‘The Brahma-knower attains the supreme (state)’2

‘Is not he, the knower of Param-brahma, who verily becomes Brahm Himself?’3

Similarly, Param-dhāma4= Param-jyotiḥ=Supernal Light, as declared in:

‘Now, (where) above all this, the Supernal Divine Light shines forth’.5

‘Reaching the Supreme Light, one resurrects in his own essential nature.’6

‘Him, the Light of lights, the devas etc.’7

Similarly, Paramam-Pavitram, the Superbly Holy or Sanctifier, or He Who purifies the devotee of all his sins, —the sins of the past (Pūrv-āgha) and the sins of the future (Uttarāgha). The Śrutis say:—

‘As water wets not the lotus-leaf, so do evil deeds cling not to him who understands thus.’8

‘As the point of a reed (Ishikā) cast into the fire, is at once burnt, so do indeed the sins of him become consumed.’9

‘Nārāyaṇa is Param-brahma, Nārāyaṇa is the Highest Truth, Nārāyaṇa is the Supreme Light, Nārāyaṇa is the Paramount Ātma.’10

>> Chapter 10 verse 12 part 2

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  1. Tait: Up°: iii-1-1. ‘Yato vā imāni bhūtani jāyante, yena jātāni jīvanti etc.
  2. Tait: Up°: ii-1-1. ‘Brahma-vid āpnoti param’.
  3. Muṇḍ: Up°: iii-2-9. ‘Sa yo ha vai tat Param-Brahma veda Brahmaiva bhavati.’
  4. Muṇḍ°: Up°: iii-2-1. ‘Sa vedaitat Paramam-dhāma’.
  5. Chh: Up°: iii-13-7. ‘Atha yad ataḥ Divo Jyotir dīpyate.’
  6. Chh: Up: viii-3-4. ‘Param-Jyotir upasampadya svena rūpeṇa `bhinishpadyate.’
  7. i:Up°: vi-4-6. ‘Taṃ devā—Jyotishām Jyotish’.
  8. Chh: Up: iv-14-3. ‘Yathā pushkara-palāśa āpo naślishyanta evam evam vidi pāpam-karma na ślishyate.’
  9. Chh: Up°: v-24-3. ‘Tad yatḥeshīkā-tūlam agnau protam pradū-yet-aivaṃ ha`sya sarve pāpmānaḥ pradūyante’.
  10. Tait: Up: Nārā. 11. ‘Nārāyaṇa Param-brahma, tatvam Nārāyaṇaḥ paraḥ, Nārāyaṇa paro-jyotir ātmā Nārāyaṇah parah’.

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