10.33 akṣarāṇām a-kāro ’smi (Original)

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Chapter 10

<< Chapter 10 verse 32

Simple

akṣarāṇām a-kāro ’smi
dvandvaḥ sāmāsikasya ca
aham evākṣayaḥ kālo
dhātāhaṁ viśvato-mukhaḥ

‘Of the alphabet, I am the letter A; of compound- words, the dvandva1. I Myself am the perishless Time. I am the all-faced Dhātṛi.’

Among the letters of the Alphabet, I am the letter A, which is the base or root of all other letters. So says Śruti:

‘A-kāra (or Letter A) itself is all speech.’2

Sāmāsikaḥ means the class of samāsāḥ or compound word-forming (as in Samskṛit). Of the several ways of compounding, I am the collective-compound or compound of which all the terms are substantives or attributes, each term being of equal value with the other, grammatically.

I am Time —never-ending, —composed of the divisions, called kalā3 and muhūrta4.

I am the Creator of all, viz: Dhātri=Hiraṇyagarbha= the four-faced (Demiurge).

>> Chapter 10 verse 34

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  1. Compound formations such as Rāma-Lakshmaṇa.
  2. Rig Veda: Aitareya-Āraṇyaka III-2-3 ‘Akaro vai sarvā-vāk.’
  3. Kalā= about 8 Seconds, Muhūrta = 1/30 of the day.
  4. Kalā= about 8 Seconds, Muhūrta = 1/30 of the day.

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