14.5 sattvaṁ rajas tama iti (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 14

<< Chapter 14 verse 4

Simple

sattvaṁ rajas tama iti
guṇāḥ prakṛti-sambhavāḥ
nibadhnanti mahā-bāho
dehe dehinam avyayam

‘Satvam, Rajas, Tamas1, are qualities matter-born, which, O Great-armed! bind the imperishable ego in the body.’

Satvam, Rajas and Tamas are the three qualities (or affections or humours or tempers) of matter=those inhering in the matter-stuff. To matter they stand in the relation of attributes, and their existence is to be inferred from the effects which they are instrumental in producing such as brightness (of disposition, dullness etc).

These qualities are in a latent state in matter when unevolved; but manifest in its evolutes2, Mahat etc.

And they impound in a body, the essentially free soul, but forced withal to dwell in bodies such as those of deva, man etc., —forms manufactured, from out of the Mahat and other evolutes3 of matter-stuff.

The properties severally of Satvam, Rajas and Tamas, and the mode of their binding the souls are now described:—

>> Chapter 14 verse 6

archived in http://githa.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

  1. Vide footnote 1 to verse 2.45
  2. meaning: those that evolve from
  3. meaning: those that evolve from

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *