SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
sattvaṁ rajas tama iti
dehe dehinam avyayam
‘Satvam, Rajas, Tamas1, are qualities matter-born, which, O Great-armed! bind the imperishable ego in the body.’
Satvam, Rajas and Tamas are the three qualities (or affections or humours or tempers) of matter=those inhering in the matter-stuff. To matter they stand in the relation of attributes, and their existence is to be inferred from the effects which they are instrumental in producing such as brightness (of disposition, dullness etc).
And they impound in a body, the essentially free soul, but forced withal to dwell in bodies such as those of deva, man etc., —forms manufactured, from out of the Mahat and other evolutes3 of matter-stuff.
The properties severally of Satvam, Rajas and Tamas, and the mode of their binding the souls are now described:—
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