16.4 dambho darpo ’bhimānaś ca (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 16

<< Chapter 16 Verse 3

Simple

dambho darpo ’bhimānaś ca
krodhaḥ pāruṣyam eva ca
ajñānaṁ cābhijātasya
pārtha sampadam āsurīm

‘Ostentation, pride, and conceit, ire as also hauteur; and ignorance, —(these), Pārtha! become his who is born of the Non-divine kind.’

Dambha = Ostentation = A display of virtue, or pretentious parade of righteous acts to invite flattery.

Darpa = Pride = That unnatural exultation arising from experiencing sense-objects, depriving one (afterwards) of the discretion to do what is right and avoid what is wrong.

Abhimānaḥ = Conceit or self-opinion of one’s own importance unwarranted by either learning or high birth etc.

Krodha = Ire = Disposition of the mind to cause others suffering, and enjoy that as one’s own fruit (or pleasure).

Pārushyam = Hauteur = Overbearing or supercilious demeanour towards good and great men so as to rouse their righteous indignation.

Ajñānam = Ignorance = The being destitute of understanding as to what is duty and what is not; and unacquaintance with truths great and small.

These constitute the character of him who is born of the Non-divine kind.

The Non-divine (=āsuri= demoniac = vile) are those who rebel against Bhagavān’s Laws or Commands.

>> Chapter 16 Verse 4.5

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