16.7 pravṛttiṁ ca nivṛttiṁ ca (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 16

<< Chapter 16 Verse 6

Simple

pravṛttiṁ ca nivṛttiṁ ca
janā na vidur āsurāḥ
na śaucaṁ nāpi cācāro
na satyaṁ teṣu vidyate

‘The Non-divine know not (the ways of) ‘activity’ or of ‘passivity’; ‘Neither cleanliness, nor holy conduct, nor truth is found in them.’

Pravṛitti = Activity or ‘Effort,’ or engaging in Veda-enjoined Dharma, for securing (material) prosperity (power, riches, svarga, siddhis etc.)1

Nivṛitti = Passivity (or cessation from pravṛitti) or engaging in such Veda-enjoined Dharma as leads to moksha (spiritual beatitude). (Nivṛitti is literally retirement, or giving up all desires for material happiness, thus contrasting with pravṛitti.2

The Non-divine (Āsura) do not understand these ways.

Śaucham=Cleanliness of heart inside and of person outside, so as to be fit for performing Veda-bid works.

Āchāraḥ=Good or holy conduct, such as the performance of Twilight-Prayers (=sandhyā-vandana) etc., by which śaucha would be produced, as declared in:

‘He who omits sandhya is always unholy, and unfit for any duties’.3

Satyam=The utterance of that which is in conformity with fact.

These qualities are not to be found in the Non-divine natures.

>> Chapter 16 Verse 8

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  1. For a full description of what the two Paths of Pravṛitti and Nivṛitti are, consult Bhāg: VII-15, 47 to 57. Also Mahābhā, Śānti Parva, Moksha Dharma, Ch: 217; Bh: Gī: VIII-23 to 25, refers to
    the destination to which these Paths lead.
  2. For a full description of what the two Paths of Pravṛitti and Nivṛitti are, consult Bhāg: VII-15, 47 to 57. Also Mahābhā, Śānti Parva, Moksha Dharma, Ch: 217; Bh: Gī: VIII-23 to 25, refers to
    the destination to which these Paths lead.
  3. Daksha-smriti: ‘Sandhyā-hino suchie nityam &c.’

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