18.46.5 śreyān sva-dharmo viguṇaḥ (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 46


śreyān sva-dharmo viguṇaḥ
para-dharmāt sv-anuṣṭhitāt

‘Better one’s own Dharma, (though) void of merit, than doing another’s Dharma even though it be done excellently well.’

One’s own Dharma is, as pointed out already, the sum of acts constituting My worship, fit for the person to observe, sacrificing all claims to agentship etc. Dharma or duty expressed in visible act (karma-yoga) conforming with the nature of the incorporeated person, comes to him easily. Karma-yoga is thus by nature one’s own Dharma1 albeit it be destitute of merit [i.e., defective in performance2]. By another’s Dharma is meant Jnāna-Yoga demanding the ability on his part to conquer the senses, and it is a Yoga which presupposes the conquest of all the senses. This Yoga being, besides, subject to dangers, Karma-Yoga is better, even though the former be performed excellently well on occasions.

Moreover it is shown :

>> Chapter 18 Verse 47

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  1. Per M.R.Sampatkumaran Gitabhashya 1969: Tatparya Chandrika: ‘Svadharma‘ here cannot refer to the duties of caste and stages of life; praise of these is redundant. Nor is it relevant to take it to mean the duties prescribed in the Vedas, as contrasted with those of other religions. Nor can it refer to Arjuna’s duty of war, as contrasted with his desire to adopt the life of a mendicant ascetic. This has been dealt with already. Thus it can refer only to karma-yoga as contrasted with jñāna-yoga.
  2. Per M.R.Sampatkumaran Gitabhashya 1969

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