18.46 yatha: pravruththir bhUthAnAm

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 45

SlOkam – Original

yatha: pravruththir bhUthAnAm yEna sarvam idham thatham |
svakarmaNA tham abhyarchya sidhdhim vindhathi mAnava: ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

yatha: – from that paramapurusha (supreme lord)
bhUthAnAm pravruththi: – all aspects such as creation etc for every entity
yEna – by that supreme lord
idham sarvam – all these entities
thatham – pervaded
tham – that supreme lord
sva karmaNA – according to his own varNa and ASrama
abhyarchya – worship
mAnava: – man
sidhdhim vindhathi – attains me who is the supreme goal

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

A man who worships according to his own varNa and ASrama, the paramapurusha  (supreme lord) from whom all aspects such as creation etc for every entity happen, by whom  all these entities are pervaded, attains me who is the supreme goal.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

Whence all beings evolve,1 by Whom all this is pervaded. Him does man, worshipping by his acts, attain.’

Man attains perfection, i.e., attains Myself by My grace granted, when he worships Me as the Inner Soul abiding in Indra etc., —Me, from whom all beings originate, move etc., and by Whom all this is pervaded. That everything originates from Me alone, and that by Me is all pervaded, has already been declared in such Stanzas as:

‘I am the Origin as well as the End of all the Kosmos’: (Gi: VII-6); ‘There is naught else higher than I, Dhanañjaya!’ (Gi: VII-7); ‘By Me is all this Kosmos filled —by My subtle form’: (Gi: IX-41); ‘By Me the Supervisor, matter begets all mutables and immutables’ (Gi: IX-10); ‘I am the Source of all, from Me all operates’: (Gi: X-8), and so on.

>> Chapter 18 Verse 46.5

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  1. ‘Activity’ may also be used to translate pravṛitti or ‘Poteny’ meaning ‘power for action’ as contrasted with latency.

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