2.19 ya enaṁ vetti hantāraṁ (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 18


ya enaṁ vetti hantāraṁ
yaś cainaṁ manyate hatam
ubhau tau na vijānīto
nāyaṁ hanti na hanyate

Both of them lack understanding, he who thinketh this ātmā to be the destroyer and he who thinketh it as the destroyed. For (ātmā) neither killeth nor is killable.

Whoever fancies that anyone can be an instrument for killing ātmā, and whoever fancies that ātmā is killable by any cause, both of them are short of wisdom. For reasons stated (already) that ātmā is of eternal character etc., it can never be the cause of destruction; ergo, ātmā can never destroy. The root hanti, to kill, connotes an act which requires ātmā as its object. But the act is expressive of that which causes a separation, viz: separation of ātmā from body’.

The Śāstra-injunctions such as:

‘No creature shall be harmed’.1

‘No brāhmaṇa shall be killed’2 etc.

are but expressions indicating that, unlawfully, no separation of ātmās from bodies shall be caused.

>> Chapter 2 verse 20

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  1. ‘Na himsyād bhūtani.’
  2. ‘Brāhmaṇo na hantavyah.’

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