2.38 sukha-duḥkhe same kṛtvā (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 37

Simple

sukha-duḥkhe same kṛtvā
lābhālābhau jayājayau
tato yuddhāya yujyasva
naivaṁ pāpam avāpsyasi

‘Making joy and grief equal, (so) gain and loss, victory and defeat, then engage in war. Thus shalt thou incur no sin.’

Thus then, knowing ātmā to be that which is distinct from body, uncontaminated with qualities pertaining to bodies, and to be that which is eternal; keeping the mind imperturbable under the varying conditions of pleasure and pain, gain and loss, victory and defeat (etc.) caused by arrows pelting etc; and destitute of any wish for reward, such as gaining Svarga etc., fight as if it were a duty to be discharged.

In this-wise wilt thou escape sin. Sin is what gives (or is seen as) suffering, consequent on matter-tied existence (samsāra1). In other words, thou wilt be liberated from the bondage of conditioned existence.

After thus imparting (to Arjuna) a knowledge of the real nature of ātmā, Śri Kṛishṇa now begins to expound Karma-yoga (the path or mode of works leading to moksha):

>> Chapter 2 verse 39

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  1. Lit: that which ‘runs or courses’; means the circuit or circle of wordly existence, mundane life, material existence, matter-tied or matter-consorting existence, conditioned secular career, or matter-soul existence, coursing through a transmigratory revolution of births and deaths alternating. In Indian terms, Purusha consorting with Prakṛiti (or spirit-matter combination).

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