Monthly Archives: November 2015

gIthArtha sangraham – 3

srI:
srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:

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Summary of each chapter in first hexade

SlOkam 5

asthAna snEha kAruNya dharmAdharmadhiyAkulam |
pArtham prapannamudhdhiSya SAsthrAvatharaNam krutham ||

githacharya-2

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

asthAna snEha kAruNya dharmAdharmadhiyA – due to attachment with and compassion for naturally unfitting relatives (that which does not fit the nature of AthmA), having bewildered intelligence considering ones own righteous war as being unrighteous
Akulam – being shaken
prakannam – being surrendered
pArtham udhdhiSya – towards arjuna
SAsthrAvatharaNam krutham – gIthA SAsthram was initiated (in the first chapter and the first part of the second chapter)

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

gIthA SAsthram was initiated (in the first chapter and the first part of the second chapter) towards arjuna who is surrendered [to krishNa] after being shaken up due to attachment with and compassion for naturally unfitting relatives (that which does not fit the nature of AthmA) and having bewildered intelligence considering ones own righteous war as being unrighteous.

 

SlOkam 6

nithyAthmasangakarmEhAgOcharA sAnkyayOgadhee: |
dhvitheeyE sthithadheelakshA prOkthA than mOhaSAnthayE ||

arjun-krishna-2

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

nithya Athma asanga karma eehA gOcharA – topics such as eternal AthmA, activities with detachment
sthithadheelakshA – having the state of sthithapragyA (firm in judgement and wisdom) as the goal
sAnkya yOgadhee: – knowledge about self and karma yOgam
than mOha SAnthayE – to eradicate arjuna’s bewilderment
dhvitheeyE – second part of second chapter
prOkthA – instructed

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

Topics such as eternal AthmA, righteous duties with detachment, having the state of sthithapragyA (firm in judgement and wisdom) as the goal, knowledge about self and karma yOgam were instructed to eradicate arjuna’s bewilderment in the second part of second chapter.

 

SlOkam 7

asakthyA lOkarakshAyai guNEshvArOpya karthruthAm |
sarvESvarE vAnyasyOkthA thrutheeyE karmakAryathA ||

Sandhyavandanam

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

lOkarakshAyai – to protect the people (who don’t have the qualification to engage in gyAna yOgam)
guNEshu – in the qualities that are sathva (tranquility), rajas (passion) and thamas (ignorance)
karthruthAm ArOpya – meditating upon ones doer-ship
sarvESvarE vA nyasya – surrendering such doer-ship unto the supreme lord
asakthyA – without detachment in any goal other than mOksham
karma kAryathA – that, one should perform the duties
thruthIyE ukthA – explained in third chapter

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

It is explained in the third chapter to protect the people (who don’t have the qualification to engage in gyAna yOgam) that one should perform the prescribed duties meditating upon ones doer-ship which is influenced by the three types of qualities that are sathva (tranquility), rajas (passion) and thamas (ignorance) and surrendering such doer-ship unto the supreme lord and [do those duties] without attachment in any goal other than mOksham.

 

SlOkam 8

prasangAth svasvabhAvOkthi: karmaNOkarmathAsya cha  |
bhEdhA:, gyAnasya mAhAthmyam chathurthAdhyAya uchyathE  ||

krishna-leela

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

chathurthAdhyAyE – in the fourth chapter
karmaNa: akarmathA uchyathE – karma yOgam (which includes gyAna yOgam) is explained as gyAna yOgam itself
asya bhEdhA: cha [uchyanthE] – the nature and sub-divisions of karma yOgam are explained
gyAnasya mAhAthmyam [uchyathE] – the greatness of true knowledge as well is explained
prasangAth – (to establish the authenticity of his words) incidentally
svasvabhAvOkthi: – discourse on those qualities of him (that does not change even during his incarnations) are explained  in the beginning

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

In the fourth chapter, karma yOgam (which includes gyAna yOgam) is explained as gyAna yOgam itself, the nature and sub-divisions of karma yOgam, the greatness of true knowledge and (in the beginning, to establish the authenticity of his words) incidentally discourse on those qualities of him (that does not change even during his incarnations) are explained.

SlOkam 9

karmayOgasya saukaryam Saigryam kAschana thadhvidhA: |
brahmagyAna prakArascha panchamAdhyAya uchyathE ||

antharyami

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

karma yOgasya – karma yOgam’s
saukaryam – practicability
Saigryam – aspect of attaining the goal quickly
kAschana thadhvidhA: – those ancillary parts of such karma yOgam
brahma gyAna prakAra: cha – the state of viewing all pure AthmAs at the same level
panchamAdhyAyE – in the fifth chapter
uchyathE – spoken

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

In the fifth chapter karma yOgam’s practicability, its aspect of attaining the goal quickly, its ancillary parts and the state of viewing all pure AthmAs at the same level are spoken.

 

SlOkam 10

yOgAbhyAsavidhir yOgee chathurdhA yOgasAdhanam |
yOgasidhdhi: svayOgasya pAramyam shashta uchyathE ||

antharyami

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

yOgAbhyAsa vidhi: – the method to practice (get familiar with) yOgam  (which leads to Athma sAkshAthkAram – self realization)
chathurdhA yOgee – four types of yogis
yOga sAdhanam – exercise, detachment, etc., which leads to such yOgam
yOga sidhdhi: – that, such yOgam (even if there is a break) will eventually succeed
svayOgasya pAramyam – the greatness of bhakthi yOgam towards himself [krishNa]
shashtE – in the sixth chapter
uchyathE – spoken

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

In the sixth chapter the method to practice (get familiar with) yOgam  (which leads to Athma sAkshAthkAram – self realization), four types of yogis, the exercise, detachment, etc., which leads to such yOgam and the greatness of bhakthi yOgam towards himself [krishNa] are spoken.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://githa.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://srivaishnavagranthams.wordpress.com
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://guruparamparai.wordpress.com
srIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

gIthArtha sangraham – 2

srI:
srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImath varavaramunayE nama:

Full Series

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Summary of the three hexades

SlOkam 2

gyAnakarmAthmikE nishtE yOgalakshyE susamskruthE |
AthmAnubhUthi SidhyarththE pUrva shatkEna chOdhithE ||

yagyam

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

susamskruthE – well decorated (with sEshathvagyAnam (knowledge about ones servitude, detachment from worldly aspects, etc)
gyAnakarmAthmikE nishtE – gyAna yOgam (the path of pristine knowledge) and karma yOgam (the path of following scriptural injunctions)
yOga lakshyE – to attain yOgam (Athma sAkshAthkAram – self realization)
AthmAnubhUthi SidhyarththE – (and further) to attain AthmAnubhavam (blissful experience of self)
pUrva shatkEna – In the first hexade (six chapters)
chOdhithE – ordained

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

The first hexade (six chapters) ordains karma yOgam and gyAna yOgam which are decorated (with knowledge about one’s servitude and detachment towards worldly matters) to attain self-realization and blissful experience of self.

 

SlOkam 3

madhyamE bhagavaththathva yAdhAthmyAvApthi sidhdhayE |
gyAnakarmApi nirvarthyO bhakthiyOga: prakIrthitha: ||

antharyami

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

madhyamE – in the middle hexade (six chapters)
bhagavath thathva yAdhAthmya avApthi sidhdhayE – to attain true experience of the supreme entity named bhagavAn
gyAna karma abhi nirvarthya – that which develops from karma yOgam which is supported with gyAnam (true knowledge)
bhakthi yOga: – bhakthi yOgam (the path of devotion)
prakIrthitha: – is explained

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

In the middle hexade, bhakthi yOgam which develops from karma yOgam that is supported with gyAnam (true knowledge) that leads to attainment of true experience of the supreme entity named bhagavAn is explained.

 

SlOkam 4

pradhAna purusha vyaktha sarvESvara vivEchanam |
karma dhIr bhakthirithyAdhi: pUrvaSEshOnthimOdhitha:  ||

lakshminarasimha-and-prahlada

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Word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

pradhAna purusha vyaktha sarvESvara vivEchanm – Explanation about mUla prakruthi (primordial matter) which is subtle, jIvAthmA (sentient), achEthana (insentient) which are gross, sarvESvara who is the supreme entity
karma – karma yOgam
dhIr – gyAna yOgam
bhakthi – bhakthi yOgam
ithyAdhi: – in the process through which these are attained, etc
pUrvaSEsha: – that which are not explained in previous chapters
anthimOdhitha: – are explained in the last hexade

Simple translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchAryar swamy’s thamizh translation)

Explanation about mUla prakruthi (primordial matter) which is subtle, jIvAthmA (sentient), achEthana (insentient) which are gross, sarvESvara who is the supreme entity, in the process through which karma yOgam, gyAna yOgam, bhakthi yOgam are attained, etc., which are not explained in previous chapters are explained in the last hexade.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

archived in http://githa.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://srivaishnavagranthams.wordpress.com
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://guruparamparai.wordpress.com
srIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org