SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
SlOkam – Original
AhAras thvapi sarvasya thrividhO bhavathi priya: |
yagyas thapas thathA dhAnam thEshAm bhEdham imam SruNu ||
word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)
sarvasya – for all living entities
Ahara: api – food too
thrividha: thu – based on the three categories (sathva, rajas and thamas)
priya: bhavathi – is dear
thathA – so are
yagya: – sacrifices (are also of three categories);
thapa: – penances (are also of three categories);
dhAnam – charities (are also of three categories);
thEshAm – food, sacrifices, penances and charities, their
imam bhEdham – the variances (based on sathva etc qualities)
SruNu – listen (from me).
Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)
For all living beings, food too is dear based on the three categories (sathva, rajas and thamas); so are sacrifices, penances and charities; listen (from me) the variances (based on sathva etc qualities) in food, sacrifices, penances and charities.
Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam
‘To all (beings) food also is three-fold and liked (by them). So are Sacrifice, Austerity, Charity. Listen to this, their distinction.’
Food also, by reason of its relation to the three qualities, Satvam etc., becomes of three kinds, and is liked by all living beings.
Similarly Yajña—Sacrifices are of three kinds; as also Tapas—Austerities; and Dānam—Charities.
Hear how food, Sacrifices, Austerities and Charities all vary as the qualities vary as will be shown further on.
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