3.11 dhEvAn bhAvayathAnEna

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 3

<< Chapter 3 verse 10

SlOkam – Original

dhEvAn bhAvayathAnEna thE dhEvA bhAvayanthu va: |
parasparam bhAvayantha: SrEya: param avApsyatha ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

anEna – by this yagya
dhEvAn – these dhEvathAs (who have me as their antharyAmi (in-dwelling super soul))
bhAvayatha – worship;
thE dhEvA: – such dhEvathAs (who are worshipped in this manner)
va: – you
bhAvayanthu – let them nourish (by providing food, water etc)
parasparam – each other
bhAvayantha: – being helpful in this manner
param SrEya: – great benefit of liberation
avApsyatha – will attain

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

“[Oh residents of this world!] By this yagya, [you] worship these dhEvathAs (who have me as their antharyAmi (in-dwelling super soul)); let them nourish (by providing food, water etc) you [in return]; By being helpful in this manner to each other, [you] will attain the great benefit of liberation”.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘By this (yajña), serve the devas1; let the devas serve you. Reciprocating services (thus), you will attain the highest good.’

By this yajña, worship the devas (minor divine functionaries) who constitute My body, and whose Ātmā, I am. For, it is declared further on;-

‘(Aham hi etc.,) i.e., I indeed am the Enjoyer of all the Yajñās, and the Lord etc.’ (ix-24)

Let the devas, -of whom I am Ātmā,-worshipped by you, grant you your prayers for food, water etc., (i.e., general prosperity and abundance).

Mutually exchanging services thus, you shall reap the highest good, moksha2.

>> Chapter 3 verse 12

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  1. The lower Gods, the agents of God, with several functions allotted to them in creation.
  2. Cp: Śrī Bhāgavata. XI 2-6): ‘Bhajanti ye yathā devān devā api tathaiva tān’. Cp: Tait: Up: Nārāyaṇam, 50th Anuvāka:- ‘yajña iti yajñohi devānam, etc.’

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