3.22 na me pārthāsti kartavyaṁ (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 3

<< Chapter 3 verse 21

Simple

na me pārthāsti kartavyaṁ
triṣu lokeṣu kiñcana
nānavāptam avāptavyaṁ
varta eva ca karmaṇi

‘In all the three worlds1, Pārtha2! naught is there (binding) for Me to do; naught is there not gained or to gain. Yet I am in work’

In all the three worlds3, where I could, by mere will, be present in the guise of man, or deva, or anything I choose4, there is no work which I am bound to do, for I am the Lord of all (Sarveśvaraḥ5), for I have nothing which has not been gained or which I have to gain by working. Hence the sole reason why I have applied myself to work (ceaselessly) is for the interests of the world.

>> Chapter 3 verse 23

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  1. The three worlds is a world-conception. Richard Garbe in his address before the Philological Congress at Chicago, 1893, says: “It may be here remarked, by the way, that the Pythagoreans, and Ocellus in particular, distinguish as parts of the world, the heaven, the earth, and the interval between them, which they term, lofty and aerial.”……”Pythagoras, as after him Ocellus, peoples the middle or aērial region with demons, as heaven with Gods, and the earth with men. Here again they agree precisely with the Hindus, who place the Gods above, man beneath, and spiritual creatures flitting unseen, in the intermediate regions.”
  2. Epithet of Arjuna, being a descendant of Prithu-Chakravarti.
  3. The three worlds is a world-conception. Richard Garbe in his address before the Philological Congress at Chicago, 1893, says: “It may be here remarked, by the way, that the Pythagoreans, and Ocellus in particular, distinguish as parts of the world, the heaven, the earth, and the interval between them, which they term, lofty and aerial.”……”Pythagoras, as after him Ocellus, peoples the middle or aērial region with demons, as heaven with Gods, and the earth with men. Here again they agree precisely with the Hindus, who place the Gods above, man beneath, and spiritual creatures flitting unseen, in the intermediate regions.”
  4. This alludes to the mystery of Divine Avatāras, (read Part I. Occidental of my Papers on Inspiration, etc. God has nothing to gain for Himself by his ‘Descents’, which are intended as sacrifice and service for others. The three Lokas or kosmic regions are the Deva, the Pitṛ, and the Manushya, Lokas.
  5. Sarveśvareśvaraḥ = The 97th name of Vishṇu. “Yatra devānām adhi-Deva āste“, (Kaushītakī Brāhmaṇopanishat), “Tam daivatānām Paramañcha Daivatam” (Śvetāśvatara: Up:)

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