4.32 evaṁ bahu-vidhā yajñā (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 4

<< Chapter 4 verse 31


evaṁ bahu-vidhā yajñā
vitatā brahmaṇo mukhe
karma-jān viddhi tān sarvān
evaṁ jñātvā vimokṣyase

‘Thus have the varieties of yajña been expounded, as means leading to brahma (ātma). Know them all as springing from action (karma), Knowing thus, thou shalt be emancipated.’

Such, in truth, are the various kinds of Karma-Yoga- known to be the various Means for attaining to real ātma-state (brahmaṇo mukhe1) described so far.

Know them, (the yajñas) all, to spring from action, —as already explained— involving the regular performance of the daily (nitya), incidental (naimittika) etc., duties.

Knowing thus and reducing the same to practice, thou shalt be freed (from bondage).

The wisdom aspect of karma has been explained by showing how wisdom (jñana or knowledge) is involved in work (karma). The importance of the wisdom—element in this compound of jñana-karma (wisdom-work) is now dwelt on:—

>> Chapter 4 verse 33

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  1. Brahmaṇo mukhe. The term brahma signifies here the true nature of ātma; and mukhe signifies the means to attain that ātma. So that brahmaṇo mukhe, means ‘the means to attain ātma’ (vide Tātparya chandrika, by Vedāntāchārya).

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