5.3 jñeyaḥ sa nitya-sannyāsī (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 5

<< Chapter 5 verse 2

Simple

jñeyaḥ sa nitya-sannyāsī
yo na dveṣṭi na kāṅkṣati
nirdvandvo hi mahā-bāho
sukhaṁ bandhāt pramucyate

‘He is to be known as ever sannyāsi1, who neither hates nor craves. He who is above the “pairs”2, Mahā-bāho3! easily escapes from bondage.’

The karma-yogi who has experienced ātma-bliss that is involved in karma-yoga, does not desire for anything else than ātma. He has thus no occasion to hate anything. And therefore also is he one, capable of enduring the ‘pairs’4. Such person is to be known as the constant sannyāsi, i.e., as he who is the constant practiser of jñāna (wisdom). Such person easily practises karma-yoga and he easily escapes bondage.

That, independently, both Karma-Yoga and Jñāna- Yoga, are each capable of conducting to ātma-attainment, is now shown:—

>> Chapter 5 verse 4

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  1. This term is applied to an ascetic or one who retires from the world. It means one who surceases from world’s activities, as well as Vedic ceremonies.
  2. The sense-contacts with external phenomena is sensations which are the sense-with-mind-contacts, ‘cold-heat’, etc., and then follow the reactions, pleasures and pains.
  3. A war-name of Arjuna, lit: the ‘strong-armed’.
  4. The sense-contacts with external phenomena is sensations which are the sense-with-mind-contacts, ‘cold-heat’, etc., and then follow the reactions, pleasures and pains.

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