SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
tapāmy aham ahaṁ varṣaṁ
nigṛhṇāmy utsṛjāmi ca
amṛtaṁ caiva mṛtyuś ca
sad asac cāham arjuna
‘I give heat; I send, and also hold back, rain; I am Immortality as well as Death; and Sat and Asat am I, Arjuna!’.1
Through Sun, fire etc., I myself emit heat. During the summer season etc., I hold back rain, and in the rainy season etc., I give it forth.
I am Immortality=the Life by which the world lives. I am Death or that by which the world becomes destroyed.
Not to be prolix, I am Sat=Ens, and Asat=Non-ens. Sat=Existence= that which exists in the present time. Asat = Non-existence=that which existed in the past, that which may exist in the future. I am thus He who exists in every mode in which the sum of things Intelligent and Non-intelligent, composing My body, exists.
The noble-souled (Mahātmas, referred to in verse 13, ante) are, thus, those who contemplate Me as the Unity, corporeally manifesting Itself in multiformity and multeity, in the macrocosmic scene. Thus do they worship Me, the million-shaped Shapeless.
In order to bring into stronger relief the character of the noble-souled God-wise, —whose method of enjoying the Blessed Lord and Lord alone, has just been depicted,— the behaviour of ignorant men, covetous of desires, is now described:—
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- See Praś: Up: II-5 (Esho `gnis-tapati etc). ↩