9.7 sarva-bhūtāni kaunteya (Original)

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Chapter 9

<< Chapter 9 verse 6


sarva-bhūtāni kaunteya
prakṛtiṁ yānti māmikām
kalpa-kṣaye punas tāni
kalpādau visṛjāmy aham

‘All beings, Kaunteya1! enter into My Nature at the end of a Kalpa2. Again do I emit them at the beginning of a Kalpa3.’

All movable and immovable things enter into My own Nature, i.e. prakṛiti which is My body designated tamas (darkness=the indistinguishable, indifferentiate vast expanse of matter-stuff;, which has no name, form and division (in its indistinct state).

At the end of a Kalpa: when the period of dissolution comes for the four-faced Brahma. At that time all creatures pass into Me by My will.

The self-same creatures do I bring forth again at the dawning of a Kalpa. Says Manu:—

‘This became full of tamas (darkness)’ etc.,4

‘He, willing (to produce) from His own body’ etc.,5

Say the Śrutis also thus:—

‘Of Whom avyakta (indiscernible matter) is body’6.

Avyakta merges into akshara, and akshara into tamas7.

‘It was tamas in the beginning, by tamas was all hidden and indiscernible (apraketam)’8.

>> Chapter 9 verse 8

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  1. A matronymic of Arjuna.
  2. See footnotes to verse 4.4 and verse 4.8.
  3. See footnotes to verse 4.4 and verse 4.8.
  4. Manu: i-5. (Āsīd idam tamo-bhūtam etc).
  5. Manu: i-8. (So`bhidhyāya śarīrāt svāt etc).
  6. Sub: Up: 7. Yasyā `vyaktam śarīram etc).
  7. Sub: Up: 2 (Avyaktam akshare līyate etc).
  8. Tait: Brā: ii-8-9 and Rig Veda viii-7-17. (Tama āsīt tamasā gūdham agre`praketam). apraketam=apra-jñāyamānām=incomprehensible.

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