13.19 prakṛtiṁ puruṣaṁ caiva (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 13

<< Chapter 13 verse 18

Simple

prakṛtiṁ puruṣaṁ caiva
viddhy anādī ubhāv api
vikārāṁś ca guṇāṁś caiva
viddhi prakṛti-sambhavān

‘Matter and Spirit, know, are both beginning-less. Know that passions as well as virtues are matter-born.’

Know that from time out of beginning, exist matter (prakriti) and soul (purusha) enmeshed together.

Vikāras=lit: modifications of properties= unspiritual tendencies or qualities=passions.

Guṇas=lit: qualities=good qualities=virtues. Passions are desire, hatred etc., which forge bondage (bandha); and Virtues are ‘Reverence etc,’ —qualities which effectuate liberation (moksha).

Matter in union with Soul, perpetuating from time immemorial, —evolved as body (kshetra) —conduces by its modifications of desire, aversion etc., to bind him (the soul); and the same prakṛiti (matter), by its modifications of ‘Reverence’ etc., constitutes the cause of soul’s emancipation.

>> Chapter 13 verse 20

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