15.17 uttamaḥ puruṣas tv anyaḥ (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 15

<< Chapter 15 verse 16


uttamaḥ puruṣas tv anyaḥ
paramātmety udāhṛtaḥ
yo loka-trayam āviśya
bibharty avyaya īśvaraḥ

‘But the Soul Paramount is Another, who is proclaimed as Paramātma, Who —the Infinite, the King,— penetrates all the three worlds and sustains (them).’

But there is a Supreme Soul (or Spirit) Who is different from both Kshara and Akshara, or Conditioned souls and Freed souls, respectively. That Spirit is declared as a distinct Postulate, as the Paramātma, in all the Śrutis. The very epithet Param-ātma (the Supreme or Exalted Soul) shows that the Supreme Spirit is a distinct Verity other than the bound and the freed souls. How? Because He, penetrating all the three worlds, sustains (them).

Loka=world, because it is seen (lokyate). Such worlds are three in number viz: (1) the inanimate world (achetana), (2) the animate world in conjunction with the inanimate, (baddha-chetana), and (3) the freed souls (mukta). All these three are proved to us by Authority. And these three worlds, He —the Spirit Paramount— permeates and sustains. By the fact that these are worlds, by Him pervaded, and by Him sustained, He is a Principle distinct from them. Also is this the fact by reason that He is Infinite and King, inasmuch as only a Principle Infinite can be distinct from the finite-natured achetana (inert matter), the chetanas (soul), conjoined thereto and following its lead, and the muktas, who once before were in union with it (matter) and now freed; inasmuch as only a King or Universal Sovereign can be distinct from those over whom he holds sway.

>> Chapter 15 Verse 18

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