18.28 ayuktaḥ prākṛtaḥ stabdhaḥ (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 27


ayuktaḥ prākṛtaḥ stabdhaḥ
śaṭho naiṣkṛtiko ’lasaḥ
viṣādī dīrgha-sūtrī ca
kartā tāmasa ucyate

‘That is called Tāmasa-Actor, who is unqualified, vulgar, inert, wicked, deceitful, remiss, doleful and rancorous.’

Unqualified (ayuktaḥ) = The not having the requisite competency for performing a Śāstra-prescribed work.

Vulgar[1. Per M.R.Sampatkumāran: unrefined, that is, not educated in the Śāstras.] (prākritaḥ) = The not having letters or wisdom.

Inert (stabdho) = The being destitute of inclination to even begin a work.

Wicked (śathaḥ) = The having a predilection for black magic such as sorcery.

Deceitful (naikṛitiko) = The character to impose on others.

Remiss (alasaḥ) = The being dilatory or lazily slack in a work undertaken.

Doleful (vishādi) = The being always most despondent or gloomy.

Rancorous (dirgha-sūtri) = The harbouring of deep and long vengeance against others towards whom, even witchcraft has been practised.

Such a person is tāmasa-Actor.

Thus has the threefold character been described of the (1) Knowledge of work to be done, (2) Act that is to be done etc., (3) the Actor of the work (vide., Stanza 19 ante). And now the threefold character of Reason (buddhi) and Purpose (dhṛiti), the essentials for determining all truth and all aim, is described:

>> Chapter 18 Verse 29

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