2.28 avyakthAdhIni bhUthAni

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 27

SlOkam – Original

avyakthAdhIni bhUthAni vyakthamadhyAni bhAratha |
avyakthanidhanAni Eva thathra kA paridhEvanA ||

word-by-word meaning

bhAratha – arjuna!
bhUthAni – forms such as dhEva (celestial), manushya (human) etc
avyakthAdhIni – having an unmanifest primary state
vyakthamadhyAni – having a manifest intermediary state
avyakthanidhanAni Eva – having an unmanifest final state
thathra – in this matter
paridhEvanA – grieving
kA – why

Simple Translation

arjuna! All forms such as dhEva (celestial), manushya (human) etc are having an unmanifest primary state, a manifest intermediary state and an unmanifest final state. Why grieve in this matter?

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘All creatures, O Bhārata, have an unmanifest origin, a manifest middle, and again an unmanifest end. Such being the case, where is cause for sorrow?’

Beings like mankind etc., though ever-existent entities, have a non-manifest (or latent) ante-natal condition, a manifest middle condition, and proceed again into an unmanifest post-natal condition. Such vicissitudes constitute a natural law. This therefore need cause no grief[1. Cf. with Śrī Bhāgavata, (Śruti-Gita, X, 87, 38), “na yadidam agra asa, na bhavishyadato, nidhanādanumitam antarā tvayi vibhūti, etc.].

Having thus shown that even if it were true that body itself was ātmā, even then there was no reason to grieve for, the next verse declares that seldom is a person found who would see, hear, converse, or who would be convinced (from hearing from others who know), about the wonderful nature of ātmā, which is distinct from body:

>> Chapter 2 verse 29

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