3.39 āvṛtaṁ jñānam etena (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 3

<< Chapter 3 verse 38


āvṛtaṁ jñānam etena
jñānino nitya-vairiṇā
kāma-rūpeṇa kaunteya
duṣpūreṇānalena ca

‘The understanding (jñāna[4. Jñāna is a term in Samskṛit, which, according to the place where it occurs, variously means, knowledge,
wisdom, reason, understanding, sense intelligence, intellect, consciousness and sentiency. In Vedānta works, all
these terms are used with reference to spiritual matters. Sir William Hamilton in his Metaphysics (i-193) says:
‘consciousness and knowledge each involves the other,’ and yet each term finds its appropriate use according to
the tenor of particular passages which have to be elucidated.]) of the jñāni (the wise man), Kaunteya[5. A matronymic for Arjuna; Son of Kunti = Arjuna.]! is enwrapped by this eternal foe, in the guise of lust, insatiable and inexhaustible.’

The intellect or understanding of the intelligent or enlightened man, in respect of ātmā-knowledge, is beclouded by the eternal foe which comes in the shape of lust, —that which generates a fascination for object-enjoyments.

It is dushpūra or insatiable, i. e., it hungers and thirsts after gratifications, though inaccessible to its grasp.

It is anala[6. Anala means also fire. In which case, lust is like fire, which, once it attacks a thing, will burn it outright. So lust burns a man out.] or inexhaustible, i.e., nothing will completely satisfy lust. When it gets one object it desired for, it will want another. It is unappeasable. (Inexhaustible greed is never satisfied).

What are the instruments by which lust takes possession of ātmā? It is said:—

>> Chapter 3 verse 40

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