18.18 gyAnam gyEyam parigyAthA

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 17

SlOkam – Original

gyAnam gyEyam parigyAthA thrividhA karmachOdhanA |
karaNam karma karthEthi thrividha: karmasangraha: ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

karma chOdhanA – the rules of vEdham regarding karma (ritualistic worships such as jyOthishtOmam etc)
gyAnam – knowledge (about the karma)
gyEyam – the karma which is  to be performed
parigyAthA – the one who knows (such karma)
thrividhA – constitute the three factors;
karma sangraha: –  the factors of karma (which is in the middle)
karaNam – the materials etc (which are the means for the karma)
karma – the karma (such as yagyam etc)
karthA ithi – the perfomer of the karma
thrividha: – three.

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

The rules of vEdham regarding karma (ritualistic worships such as jyOthishtOmam etc) constitute knowledge (about the karma), the karma which is  to be performed and the one who knows (such karma); [further] the factors of karma (which is in the middle) are three – the materials etc (which are the means for the karma), the karma (such as yagyam etc) and the performer of the karma.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘Knowledge, Knowable, Knower: this Triple
constitutes the motive to act; the Means, the Act, the Actor: this Triple constitutes the factors of act.’

Jñānam = Knowledge of the act to be done.

Jñeyam = Knowable is the act itself which is to be known and done.

Parijñāta = Knower or he who knows the act.

These Three are requisites to impel one to undertake such acts as jyotishtoma etc.

Among these the jneyam or the act itself is comprised of the three elements:

Karaṇam = the means, such as money (and other materials) required to carry out an act.

Karma = the Acts such as Yāga etc.

Kartā = the Actor or performer of the work.

>> Chapter 18 Verse 19

archived in http://githa.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *