18.30 pravṛttiṁ ca nivṛttiṁ ca (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 29


pravṛttiṁ ca nivṛttiṁ ca
kāryākārye bhayābhaye
bandhaṁ mokṣaṁ ca yā vetti
buddhiḥ sā pārtha sāttvikī

‘That is Sātvika-Reason, Pārtha! which discerns action and inaction, duty and non-duty, fear and non-fear, bondage and release.’

Action or advance (pravṛitti)[1. ] = the Dharma (or method) to be observed for achieving material goods (abhyudaya.)

Inaction or retiring (nivṛitti)[2. ] = the Dharma (or method) by which Moksha (release) is effectible.

Duty and non-duty (kāry-ākārye) = The knowing by a person of what may be done and what may be avoided, according to time, place and circumstances; by a person who may have embraced either of the courses of pravṛitti or nivṛitti.

Fear and non-fear (bhay-ābhaye). Fear is that which is occasioned by infraction of Śāstra. Non-fear is that which is occasioned by observance of Śāstra.

Bondage (bandha) = the exact nature of Samsāra.

Release (mokshā) = the exact nature of liberation therefrom (i.e., from bondage).

The Sātvika-Reason is that which discriminates all this.

>> Chapter 18 Verse 31

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