2.53 SruthiviprathipannA thE

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 52

SlOkam – Original

SruthiviprathipannA thE yadhA sthAsyathi niSchalA |
samAdhAvachalA budhdhis thadhA yOgam avApsyasi ||

word-by-word meaning

Sruthi viprathipannA – knowing well after having heard from me
achalA – unshakable
thE – your
budhdhi: – intelligence
samAdhau – in the mind
yadhA – when
niSchalA sthAshyathi – becomes very firm
thadhA – at that time
yOgam – Athma sAkshAthkAram (self realisation)
avApsyasi – will attain

Simple Translation

Knowing well after having heard from me, when your unshakable intelligence becomes very firm, you will attain Athma sAkshAthkAram (self realisation) at that time.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘When your reason (or will), enlightened by your hearing us, can unshakably be rested in your mind, then shall you attain to “yoga”[1. This verse is aphoristic of all the Yoga philosophy. See Introduction.].’

Śruti=Śravanam=hearing. From your hearing (or instruction) from us, your reason is greatly cultured, i.e., it begins to reflect on the peerless, eternal and exceedingly subtle category (the ātmā). When this reason, intelligence or wisdom, which by nature is steadfast and uniform, can firmly be planted in the mind, – made pure by the practice of unselfish work, – then shall you achieve ‘yoga’ or ātmā-illumination

The purport, so far, is this: That practice of works (Karma-yoga)[2. Yoga here means method, path or means. ‘Karma-Yoga‘ is thus ‘the method of Works’ or doing deeds of virtue as inculcated in Scriptural and other ethical codes.], preceded by a knowledge of ātmā as gathered from Śāstra [7. Śāstra means laws, learning, and therefore spiritual laws or science embodied in the Vedas or Sṛutis, etc.], develops a certain illumination or consciousness called ‘sthita-prajñatā [8. This term is explained in the following verses. Vide: my ‘Inspiration’ Part II: (Ritambharā prajñā).]’. And this ‘sthita-prajñatā’ or the sustained effort of consciousness will result in ‘yoga’ i.e., Ātmā-illumination or ātmā-consciousness.

So lectured, Pārth a[9. A name of Arjuna; Epithet of Arjuna, being a descendant of Pṛithu-Chakravarti.] asks to be enlightened as to the nature of this ‘sthita-prajñatā’ – culture of concentrated will (or will-power) – conducive to ‘yoga’ or ātmā-cognition; ‘sthita-prajñatā,’ achievable by Karma-Yoga [10. Yoga here means method, path or means. ‘Karma-Yoga‘ is thus ‘the method of Works’ or doing deeds of virtue as inculcated in Scriptural and other ethical codes.] of the form of non-attachment (described in verses, ante). Arjuna questions:

>> Chapter 2 verse 54

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