8.8 abhyāsa-yoga-yuktena (Original)

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Chapter 8

<< Chapter 8 verse 7


cetasā nānya-gāminā
paramaṁ puruṣaṁ divyaṁ
yāti pārthānucintayan

‘With mind, unwandering elsewhere, and inured to meditation, Pārtha[1. Epithet of Arjuna, being a descendant of Pṛithu-Chakravarti.]! one, by fervid recollection, goeth to Parama-purusha[2. Parama-Purusha = Synonym Purushottama(‘The Super-excellent Person’, the 24th name of God, (vide also, Pātañjala Yoga-Sūtra I.24, (which says purusha-viśesḥ) – Purusha is the common term to denote a thinking substance from an unthinking substance. Utpurusha=bound soul; uttara-purusha=liberated soul, uttama-purusha=the ever-free soul; Purushottama=Soul Supreme=God.): Purusha means etymologically He who grants abundance; “puru=bahu, sanoti=dadāti.” Thus Parama-Purusha means the Supreme all-Giver.], -Divine.’

By meditation, daily practised, the mind is to be fixed thereto and not permitted to wander away elsewhere. With the mind so trained, I am to be thought of at the time of death, as the Paramapurusha-Divine, and so on in the manner further explained (verses 9 and 10). So thought of, one reaches Me alone. In the manner that Ādibharata brought himself to be born like an animal, one, by force of the mode of meditation prescribed for him, will be born, possessed of fortune etc., comparable to even that of Mine.

Abhyāsa is practice or training or habiting, or exercise of the mind to ruminate on the object of meditation, at all those other times also than that which is set apart for the performance of daily and occasional duties.

Yoga is the particular mode of meditation which is prescribed to be practised at a fixed time set apart for every day.

>> Chapter 8 verse 9

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