1.19 – sa ghOshO dhArtharAshtrANAm

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 1

<< Chapter 1 Verse 18

SlOkam – Original

sa gOshO dhArtharAshtrANAm hrudhayAni vyadhArayatha |
nabhaScha pruthivIm chaiva thumulO vyanunAdhayan ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

nabha: cha – the sky
pruthivIm cha Eva – and the whole earth
vyanunAdhyan – that which made them filled
thumula: sagOsha: – the sound of the conches that were blown together
dhArtharAshtrANAm – the sons of dhrutharAshtra
hrudhayAni – (their) hearts
vyadhArayath – broke them

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

The sound of the conches blown together that filled the sky and the entire earth, broke the hearts of the sons of dhrutharAshtra.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

“The din rent the hearts of Dhritarashtra’s men, filled the earth below and the vault above.”

Sañjaya: “Duryodhana himself, witnessing the strength of the Pāṇḍavas under the auspices of Bhīma, and his own strength under Bhīshma, and then submitting to the notice of his master (Droṇa) the perfection of strength on Bhīma’s side to win victory over him, and defect in his own strength against obtaining victory over the opposite side, felt inwardly grieved. Bhīshma understanding this, sent up a lion’s roar and blew his conch followed by a tumult of sounds emanating from beating drums, blowing conches, etc. as if indicative of coming success – in order to cheer up Duryodhana. On hearing this, Pārtha’s1 Charioteer, the Lord of all lords2 Śri Kṛishṇa and the rider in the chariot, viz., Pāndu’s son (Arjuna), both posted in their majestic car – fit to conquer all the three3 worlds with – sounded their respective conches, named the Blissful Pāñchajanya and Devadatta, which shook the three worlds. Then Yudhishṭhira, Vṛikodara (Bhīma), etc., each blew his instrument. The uproar caused went cleaving into the hearts of Duryodhana and of your other sons, and all. Dhṛitarāshtra’s men thought: ‘the Kuru army is as good as already destroyed.’!” Sañjaya thus narrated to Dhṛitarāshtra who was longing for his sons’ success.

>> Chapter 1 verse 20

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  1. Epithet of Arjuna, being a descendant of Pṛithu-Chakravarti.
  2. Sarveśvareśvaraḥ = The 97th name of Vishṇu. “Yatra devānām adhi-Deva āste“, (Kaushītakī Brāhmaṇopanishat), “Tam daivatānām Paramañcha Daivatam” (Śvetāśvatara: Up:)
  3. Bhūḥ, Bhuvaḥ, Svaḥ = the Earth, Intermediate Regions and Heaven; or the Terrene, Āerial and Celestial plains.

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