10.12 param brahma param dhAma – part 1

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 10

<< Chapter 10 verse 11

SlOkam – Original

arjuna uvAcha
param brahma param dhAma pavithram paramam bhavAn |

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

param brahma – as param brahma (the supreme brahman)
param dhAma – as param jyOthi (the supreme light)
paramam pavithram – known as parama pAvana (the supremely pure) (in Sruthi/vEdham)
bhavAn – your highness

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

Your highness is known as param brahma (the supreme brahman), param jyOthi (the supreme light) and as parama pAvana (the supremely pure) (in Sruthi/vEdham).

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘Thou art the Supreme-Great, the Supernal Light, the Superbly Holy (Paramam-Pavitram).’

Thou art He Whom the Śrutis proclaim as Param-brahma, Param-dhāma, and Paramam-Pavitram.

Parambrahma or Supreme-Great is He as stated in:—

‘Search for Him from Whom alone are all these beings born; by Whom the born live on; into Whom they enter and merge; He is Brahm’.1

‘The Brahma-knower attains the supreme (state)’2

‘Is not he, the knower of Param-brahma, who verily becomes Brahm Himself?’3

Similarly, Param-dhāma4= Param-jyotiḥ=Supernal Light, as declared in:

‘Now, (where) above all this, the Supernal Divine Light shines forth’.5

‘Reaching the Supreme Light, one resurrects in his own essential nature.’6

‘Him, the Light of lights, the devas etc.’7

Similarly, Paramam-Pavitram, the Superbly Holy or Sanctifier, or He Who purifies the devotee of all his sins, —the sins of the past (Pūrv-āgha) and the sins of the future (Uttarāgha). The Śrutis say:—

‘As water wets not the lotus-leaf, so do evil deeds cling not to him who understands thus.’8

‘As the point of a reed (Ishikā) cast into the fire, is at once burnt, so do indeed the sins of him become consumed.’9

‘Nārāyaṇa is Param-brahma, Nārāyaṇa is the Highest Truth, Nārāyaṇa is the Supreme Light, Nārāyaṇa is the Paramount Ātma.’10

>> Chapter 10 verse 12 part 2

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  1. Tait: Up°: iii-1-1. ‘Yato vā imāni bhūtani jāyante, yena jātāni jīvanti etc.
  2. Tait: Up°: ii-1-1. ‘Brahma-vid āpnoti param’.
  3. Muṇḍ: Up°: iii-2-9. ‘Sa yo ha vai tat Param-Brahma veda Brahmaiva bhavati.’
  4. Muṇḍ°: Up°: iii-2-1. ‘Sa vedaitat Paramam-dhāma’.
  5. Chh: Up°: iii-13-7. ‘Atha yad ataḥ Divo Jyotir dīpyate.’
  6. Chh: Up: viii-3-4. ‘Param-Jyotir upasampadya svena rūpeṇa `bhinishpadyate.’
  7. i:Up°: vi-4-6. ‘Taṃ devā—Jyotishām Jyotish’.
  8. Chh: Up: iv-14-3. ‘Yathā pushkara-palāśa āpo naślishyanta evam evam vidi pāpam-karma na ślishyate.’
  9. Chh: Up°: v-24-3. ‘Tad yatḥeshīkā-tūlam agnau protam pradū-yet-aivaṃ ha`sya sarve pāpmānaḥ pradūyante’.
  10. Tait: Up: Nārā. 11. ‘Nārāyaṇa Param-brahma, tatvam Nārāyaṇaḥ paraḥ, Nārāyaṇa paro-jyotir ātmā Nārāyaṇah parah’.

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