13.30 yadhA bhUtapruthagbhAvam

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 13

<< Chapter 13 verse 29

SlOkam – Original

yadhA bhUtapruthagbhAvam Ekastham anupaSyathi |
thatha Eva cha visthAram brahma sampadhyathE thadhA ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

bhUtha pruthagbhAvam – the diversity in the combination of jIvAthmAs and different types of bodies such as dhEva (celestials), manushya (humans), thiryak (animals) and sthAvara (plants)
Ekastham – in a single entity (that is prakruthi (matter))
yathA anupaSyathi – when one sees
thatha: Eva – from that prakruthi itself
visthAram cha – (when one sees) diversity (within the same species such as son, grandson etc) of
thathA – at that time
brahma – his own self’s natural position
sampadhyathE – attains

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

When one sees the diversity in the combination of jIvAthmAs and different types of bodies such as dhEva (celestials), manushya (humans), thiryak (animals) and sthAvara (plants) in a single entity (that is prakruthi (matter)), and when one sees the diversity from that prakruthi itself as diverse (within the same species such as son, grandson etc), he attains his own self’s natural position.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘When he perceives the diversity of existence centred in the unity; that from unity alone is expansion, then does he attain to brahma (soul).’

Diversity (pṛithag-bhāva) is the diversity such as being deva, being man, being short, being tall etc., seen in the variety of existences such as deva and the rest, —existences constituted of the dual principles of prakṛiti (matter-stuff) and purusha (spirit-stuff)

Eka-stham=centred in the unity=the unique principle (=eka-tatva) =the matter-stuff not the soul-stuff.

Expansion (vistāra) is the multiplication of differentiated existences to run on in successive form-manifestations such as children, grand-children etc., all emanating from that unique matter-principle. Whoso thus perceives that all differences have their origin in matter, (not ātma), attains to brahma, i.e., realizes ātma in its state of infinitely expanded consciousness.

>> Chapter 13 verse 31

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