18.14 adhishtAnam thathA karthA

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 13

SlOkam – Original

adhishtAnam thathA karthA karaNam cha pruthagvidham |
vividhAS cha pruthak chEshtA dhaivam chaivAthra panchamam ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

adhishtAnam – the body
thathA karthA – the soul
pruthak vidham karaNam cha – the karmEndhriyams (five faculties along with the mind)
vividhA pruthak chEshtA cha – similarly, the prANa (vital air) which has five different functions
athra – among the causes for the karmas
panchamam dhaivam cha Eva – fifth and the most important cause, paramAthmA.

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

The body, the soul, the karmEndhriyams (five faculties along with the mind), similarly, the prANa (vital air) which has five different functions and fifth and the most important cause among the causes for the karmas, the paramAthmA,

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘The Seat and the Actor, and the various Instruments, and their several Functions of various sorts and then Divinity as well, the fifth.’

>> Chapter 18 Verse 15

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