18.24 yath thu kAmEpsunA karma

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 23

SlOkam – Original

yath thu kAmEpsunA karma sAhankArENa vA puna: |
kriyathE bahulAyAsam thadhrAjasam udhAhrutham ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

yath karma thu – The karma
kAmEpsunA – with attachment to the results
puna: sAhankArENa vA – with the prideful thinking “I am the doer”
bahulAyAsam – with great efforts
kriyathE – performed
thath – that karma
rAjasam udhAhrutham – is said to be rAjasa karma

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

The karma which is performed with attachment to the results, with the prideful thinking “I am the doer” and with great efforts, is said to be rAjasa karma.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘But that Act is declared Rājasa, which is
done with desire-aim and egotism, and attended with great effort.’

Desire-aim = aiming or desiring for fruit, and attended with egotism (ahaṇkāra), or the self-love that one is the performer of the work; and also ‘attended with great effort’ or trouble. This kind of work is called Rājasa, —work which is done with the egotistic idea or conceit: ‘What a work of enormous trouble this; it has by me been done’ etc.

>> Chapter 18 Verse 25

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