8.1 kim thadh brahma kim adhyAthmam

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 8

<< Chapter 8 Introduction

SlOkam – Original

arjuna uvAcha
kim thadh brahma kim adhyAthmam kim karma purushOththama |
adhibhUtham cha kim prOktham adhidhaivam kim uchyathE ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

purushOththama – Oh purushOththama!
thath brahma kim – What is known as brahmam?
adhyAthma kim – What is known as adhyAthmam?
karma kim – What is known as karma?
adhibhUtham kim prOktham – What is that which is called as adhibhUtham?
adhidhaivam cha kim uchyathE – And, what is known as adhidhaivam?

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

Oh purushOththama! What is known as brahmam? What is known as adhyAthmam? What is known as karma? What is that which is called as adhibhUtham? And, what is known as adhidhaivam?

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

Queries Arjuna:—

‘O Purushottama!, What is Tad-Brahma? What is Adhyātma? What is Karma? What again is that which was called Adhibhūta; and what is Adhidaiva?’

>> Chapter 8 verse 2

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