Category Archives: Original

18.28 ayuktaḥ prākṛtaḥ stabdhaḥ (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 27

Simple

ayuktaḥ prākṛtaḥ stabdhaḥ
śaṭho naiṣkṛtiko ’lasaḥ
viṣādī dīrgha-sūtrī ca
kartā tāmasa ucyate

‘That is called Tāmasa-Actor, who is unqualified, vulgar, inert, wicked, deceitful, remiss, doleful and rancorous.’

Unqualified (ayuktaḥ) = The not having the requisite competency for performing a Śāstra-prescribed work.

Vulgar1 (prākritaḥ) = The not having letters or wisdom.

Inert (stabdho) = The being destitute of inclination to even begin a work.

Wicked (śathaḥ) = The having a predilection for black magic such as sorcery.

Deceitful (naikṛitiko) = The character to impose on others.

Remiss (alasaḥ) = The being dilatory or lazily slack in a work undertaken.

Doleful (vishādi) = The being always most despondent or gloomy.

Rancorous (dirgha-sūtri) = The harbouring of deep and long vengeance against others towards whom, even witchcraft has been practised.

Such a person is tāmasa-Actor.

Thus has the threefold character been described of the (1) Knowledge of work to be done, (2) Act that is to be done etc., (3) the Actor of the work (vide., Stanza 19 ante). And now the threefold character of Reason (buddhi) and Purpose (dhṛiti), the essentials for determining all truth and all aim, is described:

>> Chapter 18 Verse 29

archived in http://githa.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

  1. Per M.R.Sampatkumāran: unrefined, that is, not educated in the Śāstras.

18.27 rāgī karma-phala-prepsur (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 26

Simple

rāgī karma-phala-prepsur
lubdho hiṁsātmako ’śuciḥ
harṣa-śokānvitaḥ kartā
rājasaḥ parikīrtitaḥ

‘That is Rājasa-Actor who is ambitious, fruit-
seeking, niggardly, hurtful, impure, and enslaved by joy and grief.’

Ambitious (rāgi) = An eager desiring after fame, power honor, or distinction.

Fruit-seeking = expecting to reap the benefits of work done.

Niggardy (lubdha) = The being unwilling to Incur expenditure demanded by a work.

Hurtful (hims-ātmaka) = The getting of a work done by subjecting others to cruelty.

Impure (aśuchiḥ) = The being destitute of (personal and other) holiness, a prerequisite for work.

And a slave to joy and grief, consequent on success or failure attending any work such as war; —such is the Rājasa-Actor.

>> Chapter 18 Verse 28

archived in http://githa.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org