Category Archives: Original

17.4 yajante sāttvikā devān (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 17

<< Chapter 17 Verse 3

Simple

yajante sāttvikā devān
yakṣa-rakṣāṁsi rājasāḥ
pretān bhūta-gaṇāṁś cānye
yajante tāmasā janāḥ

‘Those of Satvam worship the Devas; those of Rajas, the Yakshas and Rakshas; and then those of Tamas worship the Pretas and the hosts of the Bhūtas.’

Those in whom the Satva quality reigns, become united to the Satva-kind of faith, and they worship the Devas. That faith is called the faith of Satva, which concerns itself with the supreme bliss-fraught Deva-Sacrifices, —bliss unmixed with pain.

Those of Rajas-quality (similarly) resort to the worship of Yakshas and Rakshas; and those of Tamas-quality to Pretas and hosts of Bhūtas. The Rajas-faith is that which gives birth to some happiness but mixed with pain; the Tamas-faith is that which gives birth to little or no happiness, tantamount to pain itself.

Thus, fruits differ according to the qualities with which Sacrifices etc., are performed in faith, even when those Sacrifices are in accordance with Śāstra. (Lord Kṛishṇa) now declares what he had before reserved in his mind that not the smallest modicum of happiness attends the performance of anti-Śāstra penances, Sacrifices etc., inasmuch as they are opposed to His Mandates. Not only that no happiness results but positive evil attends.

>> Chapter 17 Verse 5

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17.3 sattvānurūpā sarvasya (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 17

<< Chapter 17 Verse 2

Simple

sattvānurūpā sarvasya
śraddhā bhavati bhārata
śraddhā-mayo ’yaṁ puruṣo
yo yac-chraddhaḥ sa eva saḥ

‘The faith of every one, Bhārata! accords with his mind; one is saturated with faith; of what one is, he is that.’1

Satvam=Antaḥ-karaṇam=(The inner-sense), the mind. As is the mind, so is the faith of every person; in other words, whatever quality is the mind conjoined with, faith is begot for such things as are of that quality. The term satvam (mind) implies the body and the senses mentioned afore-said (See Comm: Stanza2).

Śraddhāmayaḥ or the man saturated with faith: means that man is the embodiment of faith itself.

Of whatever faith he is united to, into that faith he becomes transformed. The sense is that if a person is filled with faith for a meritorious work, he becomes entitled to meritorious fruit thereof; so that faith of any kind leads to a fruit corresponding to that faith.

The subject is further expanded:

>> Chapter 17 Verse 4

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SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

  1. ‘Desire first fathers the thought, and then thought woos belief’ says Alger.
  2. TBD.