3.4 na karmaṇām anārambhān (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 3

<< Chapter 3 verse 3


na karmaṇām anārambhān
naiṣkarmyaṁ puruṣo ’śnute
na ca sannyasanād eva
siddhiṁ samadhigacchati

‘None can attain the actionless (naishkarmya) state by cessation from action; not by cessation merely doth he attain perfection.’

Neither by not performing the Śāstra-ordained works, nor by abandoning them after once begun, does one attain to the actionless state, i.e., the state of jñāna (naishkarmya=jñāna), in as much as action (karma) alone, when interpreted as the mode of worshipping the Supreme Spirit (Parama-Purusha), and performed with no expectation of reward, brings perfection, and without this course jñāna-fitness is not attainable.

Thus ātma-nishṭhā (or the bestowal of exclusive attention to the concerns of atma-the psychological training) -which is practicable only after the annulment of all sense-distractions- is impracticable by those who are deep in the untold sins of the long past, and who have not worshipped Govinda[1. The 189th and 543rd name of God. Its one etymology is ‘Nashṭāñca dharaṇīm pūrvam avindañca guhām gatam, Govinda iti ten-āham, etc.’], by acts, with no reward anticipated therefor.

Further exposition of this question is made:-

>> Chapter 3 verse 5

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