SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
sarvESvaran, who is the divine consort of SrI mahAlakshmi incarnated as krishNa to eliminate the burden of the earth. Among the acts he performed to eliminate the burden of the earth, conducting the mahAbhAratha battle was an important one. He himself stood in the forefront and arranged the battle, organised the armies, remained as the charioteer of arjunan, helped him at apt times in appropriate ways and protected him, vowing to not take up arms and ignored that vow and took up arms, changed day to night, showed the life spots of the enemies and completed the battle himself. He had arjunan just for namesake in this battle. That too, when he refused to engage in the battle, krishNa performed gIthOpadhESam (instructing the gIthA),
In the beginning of gIthArtha sangraham, ALavandhAr (yAmunAchArya) mercifully explains that bhagavAn, SrIman nArAyaNan, is shown as the one who is attained by karma, gyAna and bhakthi yOgams in this gIthA SAsthram.
There are 18 adhyAyams (chapters), 700 SlOkams (verses) in this SAsthram. AchAryas such as ALavandhAr et al have split this into 3 shatkams (1 shatkam – 6 adhyAyams).
ALavandhAr, in his gIthArtha sangraham gives brief meanings of each shatkam. They are,
- In the first shatkam, acquiring yOgam and attaining AthmAnubhavam, by understanding the difference between AthmA (soul) and dhEham (body) and through karma and gyAna yOgams, are ordained.
- In the second shatkam, bhakthi yOgam, combined with gyAnam which is nurtured by karma yOgam, is explained as the means to attain bhagavAn who is the supreme lord.
- In the third shatkam, the aspects which are not explained in previous shatkams in the context of the subtle primordial matter and jIvAthmA, the gross insentient entities, sarvESvaran who is beyond these entities, karma, gyAna and bhakthi yOgams, and the ways to attain them, are explained.
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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