17.21 yath thu prathyupakArArtham

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Chapter 17

<< Chapter 17 Verse 19

SlOkam – Original

yath thu prathyupakArArtham palam udhdhiSya vA puna: |
dhIyathE cha pariklishtam thadh dhAnam rAjasam smrutham ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

prathyupakArArtham – expecting a favour in return
palam udhdhiSya vA puna: – or expecting a reward (in the after life)
pariklishtam – with an anguished mind
yaththu dhIyathE – the charity which is given
thath – that charity
rAjasam udhAhrutham – is said to rAjasa dhAnam (charity in the mode of passion).

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

The charity which is given with an anguished mind, expecting a favour in return or a reward (in the after life), is said to rAjasa dhAnam (charity in the mode of passion).

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘That is considered Rājasa-gift given with hope of return, or for fruit, and unwillingly1 given.’

Gifts proferred with an eye for, or expection of, a return; or proferred with an aim for fruit (or reward); or proferred unwillingly (pariklishtam)2 inferior (or spoiled or damaged articles) retaining good articles —kalyāṇa-dravya— for oneself, from which unwillingness is evident (vide: Tātparya-Chandrika) are Rājasa-gifts.

>> Chapter 17 Verse 22

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  1. Lit: ‘given with a pang.’
  2. Lit: ‘given with a pang.’

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