SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
SlOkam – Original
mukthasangO’nahamvAdhI dhruthyuthsAhasamanvitha: |
sidhyasidhyOr nirvikAra: karthA sAthvika ucyhathE ||
word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)
muktha sanga: – without attachment to the results
anaham vAdhI – without the prideful thinking “I am the doer”
dhruthi uthsAha samanvitha: – dhruthi which means the ability to tolerate unavoidable sorrow, uthsAham which means enthusiasm of being set out to do the task
sidhdhi asidhdhi: nirvikAra: – being indifferent towards the [favourable/unfavouble] result
karthA – one who performs the karma
sAthvika: uchyathE – is said to be sAthvika karthA
Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)
One who performs the karma without attachment to the results, without the prideful thinking “I am the doer”, with dhruthi which means the ability to tolerate unavoidable sorrow, uthsAham which means enthusiasm of being set out to do the task and is being indifferent towards the [favourable/unfavouble] result, is said to be sAthvika karthA.
Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam
‘He is called Sātvika-Actor who is attachment-
free, boasts not of ‘I-ness,’ full of courage and zeal, unmoved by success or failure.’
Attachment-free = Exempt from attachment for fruit.
An-aham-vādi = who boasts not of self (=I-ness), as the agent, or who is devoid of the pride or love of self being agent (of an act).
Dhṛiti = Courage or fortitude, or the being able to bear up against all unavoidable sufferings incidental to the prosecution of a work undertaken.
Utsāha = Zeal, enthusiasm for effort, or the being enlivened with an active spirit for work.
And to be unmoved whether success or failure follow an action such as that of a war, or other acts such as earning money and other necessaries for prosecuting such a war. To be such an Actor is called Sātvika.
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