8.2 adhiyagya: katham kO’thra

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 8

<< Chapter 8 verse 1

SlOkam – Original

adhiyagya: katham kO’thra dhEhE’smin madhusUdhana |
prayANakAlE cha katham gyEyO’si niyathAthmabhi: ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

athra asmin dhEhE – In indhra et al who are well known as your bodies in SAsthram

(to be known by all three types of qualified aspirants [viz those seeking worldly wealth, those seeking self-enjoyment and those seeking service to bhagavAn])
adhiyagya: ka: – What is adhiyagyam?
ktham – How did it became to be adhiyagyam?
niyathAthmabhi: – by those three types of people who have control over their mind
prayANa kAlE cha – while shedding their bodies (to attain their desired goals)
katham gyEya: aSi – How do you remain the one to be known?

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

What is adhiyagyam  (which is to be known by all three types of qualified aspirants [viz those seeking worldly wealth, those seeking self-enjoyment and those seeking service to bhagavAn]) in indhra et al who are well known as your bodies in SAsthram? How did it became to be adhiyagyam? How do you remain the one to be known by those three types of people who have control over their mind while shedding their bodies (to attain their desired goals)?

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘Who, Madhusūdana!, and how, is the Adhiyajña in this body ; and how are You known by the mind-fixed (bhaktas) at their departing time?’

What is, Tad-brahma, what is, Adhyātma and what is, Karma which those who, to effect liberation from death and dotage by resorting to Bhagavān, have to know; what Adhibūta and Adhidaiva are which fortune-seekers have to know; and what is That which is indicated by the term Adhiyajña, which all the three classes (of aspirants) have to know, and why is Adhiyajña so characterized?, and in what way are You to be known by all these mind-disciplined men (niyat-ātmabhiḥ) at time of their departure (death)?

>> Chapter 8 verse 3

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