9.15 gyAnayagyEna chApyanyE

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 9

<< Chapter 9 verse 14

SlOkam – Original

gyAnayagyEna chApyanyE yajanthO mAm upAsathE |
EkathvEna pruthakthvEna bahudhA viSvathOmukham ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

anyE api – Some other mahAthmAs (great souls)
gyAna yagyEna cha – (along with previously explained kIrthanam etc) yagya (sacrifice) of knowledge
yajantha – worship
bahudhA pruthakthvEna – as having many [all] different objects of this world as my forms
viSvathOmukham mAm – who have all objects as my prakAra (attributes)
EkathvEna – being singular (during the causal stage)
upAsathE – meditate

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

Some other mahAthmAs being engaged in yagya (sacrifice) of knowledge worship me as having many [all] different objects of this world as my rUpa (forms) and having all objects as my prakAra (attributes), and meditate upon me.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘Others again worship Me with the Sacrifice of Knowledge1, and (so) meditate on Me as the Unity, the Distinctivity, the Diversity, the Infinity?’2

Others, the great-souled, there are, who by means of the aforesaid methods of hymning etc., meditate on Me with what is called the ‘Knowledge-Sacrifice’3. How? By reflecting Me as the Unity comprising the infinite varied diversity displayed in the form of the Kosmos. The gist of the teaching here is, thus, this:—

The Blessed Lord Vāsudeva4 alone is (the Unity) having as his body in the most tenuous subtle state, the Principles of Intelligents (chit) and Non-intelligents (achit), having no names, forms or divisions (or partition). By His unopposable Will he resolves: ‘I shall be as My manifested mode having for My body the Principles of Intelligents and Non-intelligents in their gross state, having names, forms and divisions.’

Hence, He Himself, the Unity, is seen as in His manifested Kosmic body, exhibiting the marvellous variety of existences, such as the devas, the human, the animal and the stationary kingdoms. Contemplating Me thus, do they worship Me.

And therefore do I declare that I am the Kosmic-constitutioned:-

>> Chapter 9 verse 16

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  1. Or what may be called the “homage of intellectual worship”.
  2. This verse explains the pure mental form of contemplative devotion without bodily service).
  3. Or what may be called the “homage of intellectual worship”.
  4. See note to verse 7.19; note 2, Chapter 8 Proem.

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