SrI: SrImathE SatakOpAya nama: SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama: SrImath varavaramunayE nama:
yasya nāhaṅkṛto bhāvo
buddhir yasya na lipyate
hatvāpi sa imāḻ lokān
na hanti na nibadhyate
‘He who is exempt from ‘self-ness,’ whose mind
is not tainted, —even though he kill those beings, he killeth not, nor is he fettered.’
Self-ness (=ahaṇkṛiti=ahaṇkāra) = Egoity = that function of the mind which attaches to one’s own self the notion of ‘I do the act’ (aham karomi) arising out of self-love. This idea is absent in him who is sufficiently enlightened to refer all agentship to Paramapurusha.
Whose mind is not tainted = ‘Since I am no (independent) agent, the fruit resulting from the act, doth not concern me. The act itself is not mine.’ Whose enlightenment is of this sort, his mind is said to be untainted. The inference is that though he kill all these people (lokān) —i.e., not merely Bhīshma etc.,— in the conflict, he killeth not. Hence by the act called war, he is not fettered i.e., he does not commit himself in a manner so as to be a party to share in the good or the evil fruit consequent on such an act.
That this (higher) reflection of one’s not being (independently) actor, arises from the prevalence of Satva-guṇa, that Satvam is therefore worthy of acquisition (or culture), and that differences in acts result from the Guṇas, are now explained at length in order to demonstrate wherein inducement or incentive to act lies.
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