18.49 asakthabudhdhi: sarvathra

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 18

<< Chapter 18 Verse 48

SlOkam – Original

asakthabudhdhi: sarvathra jithAthmA vigathaspruha: |
naishkarmyasidhdhim paramAm sanyAsEnAdhigachchathi ||

word-by-word meaning

sarvathra – both in karma (actions) and its palam (results)
asaktha budhdhi: – without attachment
jithAthmA – being victorious over the mind
vigathaspruha: – not desirous (of one’s doership)
sanyAsEna – (one who can perform) with (the three types of) renunciation (namely giving up doership, ownership and result)
paramAm – the top-most
naishkarmya sidhdhim – firm state of dhyAna (meditation)
adhigachchathi – will attain

Simple Translation

Without attachment both in karma (actions) and its palam (results), being victorious over the mind, being not desirous (of one’s doership), one who can perform with (the three types of) renunciation (namely giving up doership, ownership and result), will one attain the top-most firm state of dhyAna (meditation).

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘With Buddhi unfettered, with self subdued, and desires departed, —by Renunciation, doth one attain to high devotional consummation.’

Buddhi (or intellect) unfettered = unattached to fruits or anything.

Self subdued = mind, conquered.

Desires departed: because all claims of self being agent &c., are abdicated and transferred to Paramapurusha.

Renunciation = Sannyāsa, established to be the same as Tyāga, —Renunciation of fruit etc., but discharging duty as incumbent.

By this Renunciation, one attains to the supreme stage of devotional contemplation = naishkarmya-siddhi-paramām = the stage of meditation (dhyāna) where the stilling of all sense-faculties is easily obtained, the end sought after by Jñāna-Yoga itself.

>> Chapter 18 Verse 50

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