2.56 duḥkheṣv anudvigna-manāḥ (Original)

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Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 55


duḥkheṣv anudvigna-manāḥ
sukheṣu vigata-spṛhaḥ
sthita-dhīr munir ucyate

‘That ‘muni’ is called steady-willed, whose mind is unagitated by affliction, and unelated by happiness; who is free from love, fear and anger.'[1. This stage is called Ek-endriya-Saṃjñā.]

To be unagitated in mind: is not to become grieved when causes approach to announce the impending affliction consequent on bereavement of something loved etc.

To be unelated in happiness, is to remain in an unattached or passive state when things, loved, may happen.

Love is longing for things not obtained. One must be free from this.

Fear is fear for prospective sorrow which may be caused by bereavements of loved things, and occurrences of unwished-for things. One must be free from this.

Anger (or hate) is that disturbed state of mind or irritated feelings, which is pain produced by other people being the cause of separation of loved things, or of the happening of unloved things. One must be free from this.

Such man is the ‘muni’ or the man of profound reflection (or contemplation) on ātmā. And he is called the steady-willed (sthita-dhīh or sthita-prajñaḥ).

The next lower stage is now described:

>> Chapter 2 verse 57

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