2.56 dhukkhEshvanudhvignamanA:

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Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 55

SlOkam – Original

dhukkhEshvanudhvignamanA: sukhEshu vigathaspruha: |
vItharAgabhayakrOdha: sthithadhIr munir uchyathE ||

word-by-word meaning

dhukkhEshu – when afflicted by sorrowful aspects
anudhvignamanA: – not agitated
sukhEshu – when benefited by joyful aspects
vigathasuruha: – not elated
vItha rAga bhaya krOdha: – being free from attachment, fear and anger
muni: – meditating upon AthmA always
sthithadhI: uchyathE – is known to be sthitha pragya

Simple Translation

One who is not agitated when afflicted by sorrowful aspects , who is not elated when benefited by joyful aspects, who is free from attachment, fear and anger and is always meditating upon AthmA (self) , is known to be sthitha pragya.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘That ‘muni’ is called steady-willed, whose mind is unagitated by affliction, and unelated by happiness; who is free from love, fear and anger.'[1. This stage is called Ek-endriya-Saṃjñā.]

To be unagitated in mind: is not to become grieved when causes approach to announce the impending affliction consequent on bereavement of something loved etc.

To be unelated in happiness, is to remain in an unattached or passive state when things, loved, may happen.

Love is longing for things not obtained. One must be free from this.

Fear is fear for prospective sorrow which may be caused by bereavements of loved things, and occurrences of unwished-for things. One must be free from this.

Anger (or hate) is that disturbed state of mind or irritated feelings, which is pain produced by other people being the cause of separation of loved things, or of the happening of unloved things. One must be free from this.

Such man is the ‘muni’ or the man of profound reflection (or contemplation) on ātmā. And he is called the steady-willed (sthita-dhīh or sthita-prajñaḥ).

The next lower stage is now described:

>> Chapter 2 verse 57

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