2.33 atha chEth thvam imam dharmyam

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 32

SlOkam – Original

atha chEth thvam imam dharmyam sangrAmam na karishyasi |
thatha: svadharmam kIrthim cha hithvA pApam avApsyasi ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

atha – unlike that
thvam – you
imam dharmyam sangrAmam – this righteous war
na karishyasi chEth – don’t do
thatha: – due to that reason only
svadharmam – the result of your varNa dharmam (duty according to your kshathriya class)
kIrthim cha – and glories
hithvA – giving up
pApam – sins
avApsyasi – will incur

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

If you don’t do this righteous war unlike explained before, due to that reason only, you would be giving up the result of your varNa dharmam (duty according to your kshathriya class) and the glories and will incur sins.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘If you would not engage in this righteous war, you should then be sacrificing your duty and fame, incurring also sin.’

If through blind sentiment or ignorance, you should fail to perform duties incumbent on a Kshatriya, viz., the prosecution of this impending contest, you should then have not only to forego the most excellent reward that would accrue to you on the due performance of one’s own bounden duty, but should also have to stake the reputation depending on victory; and instead, you should have to contract great sin.

>> Chapter 2 verse 34

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