6.14 praśāntātmā vigata-bhīr (Original)

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Chapter 6

<< Chapter 6 verse 13

Simple

praśāntātmā vigata-bhīr
brahmacāri-vrate sthitaḥ
manaḥ saṁyamya mac-citto
yukta āsīta mat-paraḥ

‘With mind in perfect tranquillity, fearless, keeping the vow of brahmacharya1, restraining the mind and making the thoughts to dwell on Me, let one, collected, sit meditating on Me.’

‘Body, head and neck straight’ means: an erect (and balanced) posture.

‘Unmoving and firm (stḥira)’: i.e., resting the balanced head and body against a cushion or some comfortable (bolster-)support.

The eyes not allowed to wander in different directions in space, but held fixed so as to gaze (between the eye-brows) at the tip of the nose2. (So far, body-discipline).

(Now comes, mind-discipline):—

‘Mind tranquil’ connotes the state of mind in high contentedness! Added to this is ‘freedom from all fear.’

Then, again, what is required is leading the mode of life called ‘Brahmacharya3’, i.e., continence or reservation of the vital energy4, to which one should be faithful.

Keeping the mind thus closely attentive (or harmonized), let one turn the mind on Me, and sit fixing it there in meditation.

>> Chapter 6 verse 15

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  1. Svāmi Vivekānanda says in his Rāja Yoga (pp: 61-62), that ‘that part of the human energy which is expressed as sex energy, in sexual functions, sexual thought and so on, when checked and controlled, easily, becomes changed into ‘Ojas’. * * * * * If people practise Rāja-Yoga and at the same time lead an impure life, how can they expect to become
    Yogis? Read also Pātanjala Yoga-sūtras, II-30, II-38.
  2. See verses 29 and 30, ante, The amplification of this subject is Lecture VI. The tip of the nose is the directrix to bring the gaze to the middle of the eye-brows.
  3. Svāmi Vivekānanda says in his Rāja Yoga (pp: 61-62), that ‘that part of the human energy which is expressed as sex energy, in sexual functions, sexual thought and so on, when checked and controlled, easily, becomes changed into ‘Ojas’. * * * * * If people practise Rāja-Yoga and at the same time lead an impure life, how can they expect to become
    Yogis? Read also Pātanjala Yoga-sūtras, II-30, II-38.
  4. Mund: Up: III.-2-4 says:‘This ātma is never attained by the weak’. The definition of Brahmacharya is given thus:—‘Yoshit-smaraṇa,-kīrtana, keḷi, prekshaṇa,-guhya-bhashaṇa,-sankalp-, ādhyavasāya;-kriyā,-nivṛitti-lakshaṇā’. In re Brahmacharya, also see Mund: Up: III-1-5, Praś: Up: I-2>. See Bh: Gī: VIII-11.

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