2.39 eṣā te ’bhihitā sāṅkhye (Original)

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 2

<< Chapter 2 verse 38


eṣā te ’bhihitā sāṅkhye
buddhir yoge tv imāṁ śṛṇu
buddhyā yukto yayā pārtha
karma-bandhaṁ prahāsyasi

‘This knowledge in sāṅkhya[2. Sāṅkhya is literally a numeral, and therefore counting. The Sāṅkhya system counts the 24 material categories, and declares ātmā the 25th spiritual category. The term therefore means ‘the counting forth of spirit as distinct from matter,’ as explained by Vijñāna Bhikshu in his commentaries on Sāṅkhya Sūtras. The same interpretation is given by Śankara in his commentaries on Bhagavad-gīta and on Vishnu-Sahasranāma-bhāshya.] has been told thee; as for that of yoga[3. Wisdom or Knowledge-Yoga is the method of works without seeking reward briefly named Yoga.], hear it, united with which thou shalt cast off karma-bondage.’

1. Sāṅkhya is the understanding; and sāṅkhyam is the ātmā-category which is apprehensible by the understanding or one’s rational faculty. The ātmā-principle having to be understood, that understanding hath been given thee by which to know it, viz., beginning from:

‘Never at all was that I etc.’ (Bh: Gi: II-12) and ending with:

‘Therefore have thou no cause to grieve for any creature.’ (Bh: Gi: II-30)

2. By the term yoga is meant that understanding or wisdom one has to acquire with regard to practising of works (karm-ānushthāna), which, founded on ātmā-knowledge (sāṅkhyam), is the path to emancipation. This understanding is what is declared in:-’(Fruit-seeking) karma is far inferior to wisdom-yoga[4. Wisdom or Knowledge-Yoga is the method of works without seeking reward briefly named Yoga.].’ (Bh: Gi: ii-49). Listen then to the wisdom that is contained in this yoga, which will be explained to thee. United to that wisdom, thou wilt cut asunder all karma-bonds (or knots of action).

The virtue of work done with this wisdom is now shown:

>> Chapter 2 verse 40

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