3.38 dhUmEnAvriyathE vahnir

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 3

<< Chapter 3 verse 37

SlOkam – Original

dhUmEnAvriyathE vahnir yathAdarSo malEna cha |
yathOlbEnAvruthO garbhas thathA thEnEdham Avrutham ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

vahni: – fire
yathA dhUmEna AvriyathE – as covered by smoke
AdharSa: – mirror
(yathA) cha malEna (AvriyathE) – as covered by dust
garbha: – embryo
yathA (cha) ulpEna – as amnion
Avrutha: – covered by
thathA – in the same way
thEna – by lust
idham – this collection of chEthanar (souls)
Avrutham – covered

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

As fire is covered by smoke, mirror is covered by dust, embryo is covered by amnion, in the same this collection chEthanar (souls) are covered by lust.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘Like the fire enveloped by smoke, the mirror
by stain, and the embryo by the amnion, so is this (world) wrapped in it (lust).’

This=all creatures (the world): is immersed in desires, like smoke enveloping the fire; like the stain obscuring the brightness of a looking glass, like the foetus ensheathed in its (membraneous) cover1

How it envelopes is explained :—

>> Chapter 3 verse 39

archived in http://githa.koyil.org

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.

  1. Ulba:- Śruti defines it as “Uttarm vā ulbāj jarāyuḥ”.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *