3.9 yagyArthAth karmaNO’nyathra

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

Chapter 3

<< Chapter 3 verse 8

SlOkam – Original

yagyArthAth karmaNO’nyathra lOkO’yam karmabandhana: |
thadhartham karma kaunthEya mukthasanga: samAchara ||

word-by-word meaning (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

yagyArthAth karmaNa: anyathra – Only when engaging in actions other than those that are meant for yagya
ayam lOka: – this world
karma bandhana: – becomes bound by karma

(Thus)
hE kaunthEya – Oh arjuna!
thadhartham – that which are part of yagya
karma – karmas (actions)
mukthasanga: – devoid of attachment
samAchara: – you perform

Simple Translation (based on puththUr krishNamAchArya swAmy’s thamizh translation)

Only when engaging in actions other than those that are meant for yagya, this world  becomes bound by karma. (Thus) Oh arjuna! you perform karmas (actions) that which are part of yagya, devoid of attachment.

Rendering based on ALkoNdavilli gOvindhAchArya swAmy’s English translation of gIthA bhAshyam

‘Outside Yajña1-intended work, the world becomes work-bound. With that object, Kaunteya!, do work, void of attachment.’

Instead of work, such as that of acquiring money required to enable one to perform the śāstra-bid Yajñas2, works for selfish ends are inaugurated. It is the latter by which the world (men) becomes bound. Hence engage in works, such as getting money, for the sake of the Yajñas3.

Sanga or attachment comes, when work is undertaken for self-service (ātma-prayojana). Free from such motive, go to work.

All labor, when solely spent in the service of the Yajñas4, becomes consecrated, through the Yajñas5, as acts of Worship done to please the Supreme Spirit (Parama-purusha). He (God) will then efface all the deeds (sin and merit) of the immemorial past, binding the man, and point out the way how, with little trouble, one can achieve ātmā-cognition.

It is now shown that all persons of every ambition, without exception, must support existence by yajña-consecrated food only; and that sin is incurred by those who do not do so.

>> Chapter 3 verse 10

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  1. From yaja=deva-pujāyām=the Sacrifices; or the formulated holy rites of Divine Worship, daily, occassional, etc. Throughout, it is the postulation of the Law of Sacrifice. For praises of Yajña, see 49th and 50th Anuvākas, Tait: Up: Nārāyaṇam.
  2. From yaja=deva-pujāyām=the Sacrifices; or the formulated holy rites of Divine Worship, daily, occassional, etc. Throughout, it is the postulation of the Law of Sacrifice. For praises of Yajña, see 49th and 50th Anuvākas, Tait: Up: Nārāyaṇam.
  3. From yaja=deva-pujāyām=the Sacrifices; or the formulated holy rites of Divine Worship, daily, occassional, etc. Throughout, it is the postulation of the Law of Sacrifice. For praises of Yajña, see 49th and 50th Anuvākas, Tait: Up: Nārāyaṇam.
  4. From yaja=deva-pujāyām=the Sacrifices; or the formulated holy rites of Divine Worship, daily, occassional, etc. Throughout, it is the postulation of the Law of Sacrifice. For praises of Yajña, see 49th and 50th Anuvākas, Tait: Up: Nārāyaṇam.
  5. From yaja=deva-pujāyām=the Sacrifices; or the formulated holy rites of Divine Worship, daily, occassional, etc. Throughout, it is the postulation of the Law of Sacrifice. For praises of Yajña, see 49th and 50th Anuvākas, Tait: Up: Nārāyaṇam.

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